Bipolar Disorder in Teenagers
Written by Craig Rogers, in Section Treatment Trends
Bipolar disorder is a condition in which people experience mood swings between mania (a high excited period) and depression (a low sad period). It can also be referred to as bipolar affective disorder and was previously known as manic depression.
Due to the difference between the high of mania and lows of depression experienced, signs of bipolar disorder are varied depending on what period the person is in. Symptoms of this condition can be subtle which often result in misdiagnoses of depression or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Manic periods seem to be much shorter in duration for people who suffer from bipolar disorder.
The Signs of Bipolar Disorder
- High Amounts of Energy
- Rapid Speech
- Racing Mind
- Inflated Sense of Self-worth
During the State of Depression, Symptoms Can Include
- Low energy
- Decreased ability in thinking
- Hopelessness and sadness
- Suicidal thoughts or actions
Some signs show in at both ends of the spectrum. If a person has a high amount of energy with only a few hours of sleep they may be in a mania phase while that same person may also be able to sleep up to 20 hours and still feel a lack of energy during a depressive state.
Alcohol and substance abuse is commonly found in people with bipolar disorder. They may drink to slow themselves in a manic state or to improve their mood while in a depressive state. Trouble at work can be a sign due to the inability to complete tasks while experiencing mania or not appearing for work when depressed.
Bipolar disorder does tend to run in families but is not limited to family history. When looking for signs of this condition remember that while some people alternate between mania and depression, most are depressed more often than they are manic and mania can be so mild that it goes unrecognized.
People with bipolar disorder may also go for long periods without symptoms. A medical health professional should be seen for diagnoses of mental health conditions including bipolar disorder.